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Coffee bean

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A coffee bean is part of a seed from the cherry of a Coffee Tree. While often referred to as a bean or a cherry or roast, a coffee bean is actually neither. Instead it is a drupe, which is closer in nature to the pit of a peach or a cherry[1].

Generally, the seed consists of two halves (although it may contain as many as three parts[2]), each with one flat side and one rounded side. Occasionally, a cherry will contain a single rounded bean, commonly referred to as a peaberry. The bean is surrounded by a thin skin, referred to as parchment[3]. The bean itself often has a greenish hue to it prior to being processed and roasted.
Coffee Bean Structure

The structure of a coffee bean.

References

  1. William H. Ukers (1922). “The Botany of the Coffee Plant”, All about Coffee, 136. ISBN 0810340925.
  2. William H. Ukers (1922). “The Botany of the Coffee Plant”, All about Coffee, 136. ISBN 0810340925.
  3. William H. Ukers (1922). “The Microscopy of the Coffee Fruit”, All about Coffee, 149. ISBN 0810340925.

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