, the ibrik generally consists of a long-handled, metal (often copper or brass) pot with a wide base and a tapered neck, giving away to a wider mouth. The coffee grounds, water, and sugar or spices are mixed directly into the pot to be brewed together. The design of the ibrik allows for a larger surface area for heating and a smaller opening to prevent excess grounds from escaping while pouring. When brewing, the coffee is brought to just below a boil so that the surface foams to the top rim before being removed from the heat source. Once the foam subsides, the ibrik is replaced onto the heat source to repeat the process one or more times.
The invention of the ibrik allowed coffee to be brewed in a shorter amount of time than before. Prior to the ibrik, a common method of brewing involved steeping the coffee grounds in hot water for half of a day.
- ↑ Bonnie K. Bealer, Bennett Alan Weinberg (2001). “Coffee Arabian Origins”, The World of Caffeine: The Science and Culture of the World's Most Popular Drug, 394. “Later in the sixteenth century Islamic coffee drinkers invented the ibrik, a small coffee boiler that made brewing easier and quicker.”
- ↑ William H. Ukers (1922). “Preparing the Beverage”, All about Coffee, 695. ISBN 0810340925.